complications of diabetes

Reports reveal that diabetes is one of the major death-causing diseases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, diabetes is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is found that more than 9 percent of the country’s population that is approximately 30 million people have diabetes in the USA. A certified diabetes educator, Lucille Hughes, also the director of diabetes education at South Nassau Communities Hospital in Oceanside, New York, says that diabetes individually is not responsible for complications. But it is uncontrolled diabetes leads to complications. Uncontrolled diabetes can sometimes result in serious complications such as vision loss or even lead to death due to a heart attack or stroke.

Therefore, it is essential to take care of diabetes in a proper manner. Below are some ways that you can follow to avoid diabetes complications.

  1. Regular Checkup:

One of the best ways to avoid any complications of diabetes is to meet your doctor for a routine checkup. It will keep you away from getting into any trouble as your doctor will be able to identify any signs of complications at an early stage and thus you can protect yourself from getting into any trouble or any severe health problems.

  1. Try to Control Your Blood Sugar:

To avoid complications in diabetes, you should try to control your blood sugar levels. According to the American Diabetes Association, your fasting blood sugar level should range between 70 and 130mg/dL. Glycated hemoglobin or A1C level should be around 7%.

  1. Take Care of Your Feet:

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), high blood sugar level reduces the blood flow that can damage the nerves in your feet and thus increases the complications. Therefore, you should take care of your feet to avoid complications. To prevent any feet problems, you need to pay a little more attention. According to the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society, you can take care of your feet by checking them regularly for any swelling, redness, blisters, sore, etc. Wash your feet daily with lukewarm water, keep your feet moisturized. 

  1. Do Not Smoke:

If you want to avoid complications of diabetes, you should avoid smoking too. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking is responsible for increasing the risk of diabetes complications such as heart disease, nerve damage, stroke, vision loss, kidney disease, etc. Therefore, it is suggested to stop smoking if you have diabetes.

  1. Keep Checking Your Teeth:

If you have diabetes, you should take care of your teeth also. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, to prevent complications of diabetes, you should brush your teeth twice a day. You can use fluoride toothpaste for brushing your teeth, as it is more helpful. You should go for teeth examination at least two times in a year. If you notice any redness or swelling in your gums, you should go to a dentist immediately.