File-This March 22, 2019, file photo shows a woman recording a group of pro-abortion rights demonstr...

Alabama passed a bill on Tuesday, which can be referred to as the Unites States’ strictest abortion law, banning it in any form except for the cases where the unborn child’s mother’s life is in danger. It stipulates severe punishments for those performing abortions with life prison. The bill needs Governor’s approval, who is known to be an opponent of abortion.

With the Conservative backing, the legislation is aimed at reversing the Roe v. Wade, the landmark Supreme Court case that legalized abortion. The Alabama Senate reached this decision with the majority of 25 votes to six, following a debate that went on for hours before the actual voting began in which the Republican-led Senate passed HB 314. With the bill passed in the Senate, it is expected to become a law when the Governor signs it. If passed, it could sentence doctors for performing abortion to jail term up to 99 years. The law extends to the rape or incest victims.

The bill will take effect, if passed, six months after it is signed. It is noteworthy that only those performing abortions will be penalized. The mother seeking an abortion will be exempt from any punishment. Alabama’s minority Democrats, Senators with eight seats in the state’s 35-member upper house, criticized the new abortion law, terming it as an attempt to control women. Senator Singleton refers to the irony relating to the law under which the doctors performing abortion would have to serve more prison time than the rape convicts.

The interesting thing is that this law has more symbolic value and is not an end in itself as the sponsor of the bill, Terry Collins explains himself. He says that the bill is deliberately made ‘draconian’, a reference to the inclusion of rape and incest victims in the law, hoping that the bill is challenged all the way to the highest legal authority of the country, the Supreme Court. The ultimate objective is to challenge Roe v. Wade that legalized abortion in 1973 in the US. Obviously, the severity of the stance taken by the supporters of the anti-abortion law reflects a broader strategy, persuading the highest court of the land to reconsider and undo the 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling.

The Senator majority leader termed the law as the “express will of the people”, adding that the bill only recognizes the right to life of an unborn child. The law-makers and governors across the US are supporting such bills in an attempt to attract the attention of what analysts believe has the majority anti-abortion justices on the Supreme Court.

Women hold signs to protest HB 481 at the state Capitol, Tuesday, April 2, 2019, in Atlanta. HB 481, which would ban most abortions after a fetal heart beat is detected, has past both the House and the Senate and awaits a signature from Gov. Brian Kemp. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)

Of the 50 states, sixteen have either passed or in the process of passing bans on abortion after the detection of a “fetal heartbeat” in the womb. The latest case of Alabama is different in a way that it is the strictest so far and passed on purpose in a way to be challenged in the courts as it directly clashes with the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade ruling.

Ohio and Georgia are the most recent states that passed the “fetal heartbeat” law, banning abortion virtually after six weeks of pregnancy, the duration which, for the majority of the women remains too early to realize their pregnancy.

Before Alabama, four states passed the so-called “heartbeat” abortion law during this year. Two other states passed the same law in the year 2018. These laws probably serve as the bait for the supporters of abortion who are then forced to take to the courts in order to prevent the law from taking into effect. On the other side the pro-abortion groups will continue to press the case until it ends up in the Supreme Court where they expect getting the Roe v Wade overturned.