anemia

According to the statistics revealed by the WHO (World Health Organization), approximately 1.62 billion people (that is 24.8 percent of the world population) all over the globe get affected by anemia. And it is found that preschool-age children are the highest getting affected by anaemia and the lowest prevalence is in men. Data stats revealed by CDCP (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) tells that 2.8 million people visits to physicians’ offices for anemia diagnosis and around 526000 people comes under emergency diagnosis category in the United States.

Causes of Anaemia:

The most common causes include:

Iron deficiency:

Deficiency of iron is one of the major reasons behind the disease. Without an adequate amount of iron absorption, the body becomes prone to anemia. Not eating iron-rich food for an extended period of time can lead to this iron deficiency.

Blood Loss:

Blood loss is another main reason for anemia including blood loss during menstruation and pregnancy causes. Red blood cells get lost during bleeding and thus causing hemorrhagic anemia.

Vitamin Deficiency:

Deficiency of various vitamins such as B12 and folate is also one of the causes of anemia. These vitamins are responsible for the formation of red blood cells through a process called erythropoiesis. Without these vitamins in the body, there is a defect in the synthesis of red blood cells which in turn leads to anemia.

Other Conditions:

According to the WHO(World Health Organization), the disease is also caused by chronic inflammation, parasitic infections, and inherited disorders.

Symptoms of Anaemia:

Symptoms of the disease include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Short breath
  • Pale skin
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Chest pain

Treatment:

  1. Eat Iron Rich Food:

The main cause of anemia is iron deficiency. Therefore, it is very important that you eat iron-rich food to fulfill the need of iron in your body. Iron-rich foods include lentils, spinach, broccoli, strawberries, pumpkin seeds, raisins, meat, peas, tomatoes, and many others. Consistent consumption of these foods can help alleviate the occurrence of anemia completely. 

  1. Eat Vitamin Rich Food:

Vitamins are necessities in our daily meal. To help combat the chances of anemia, you should ensure that you constantly feed on healthy amounts of vitamins especially Vitamin A, Ascorbic acids, Cobalamin, and folic acids. These dietary vitamins are highly recommended for the treatment and prevention of anemia.

Go for Genetic Counselling:

Inherited disorders like sickle cell anemia and thalassemia can turn out to be life-threatening. You should consider speaking with a genetic expert while planning your family to prevent birthing generations of genetically disordered humans suffering from anemic complications. A genetic counselor is your go-to person in cases of inherited anemia. How to treat it or prevent it. 

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