Image by Peter Kraay Vanger from Pixabay

Cubans in Miami are the most powerful community. In a city where 57% of the residents are foreign-born. They took control of the city in all domains: such as economy, politics, and culture.  According to US census 2010, they also displayed higher income and education levels than the other Latino groups in the US. Consequently, each generation tries to exceed the previous one. In the other hand, more studies are done, more businesses created, and climb more in politics.

Cubans and Miami’s economy

Diaz Lighters and Perez Lopez published an article in 2003. This publication revealed that more than half of all firm in Miami is Cuban-owned since 1982. A second study has confirmed this same observation. In a book titled “Cuban Communities in the United States: Waves Migration, Settlement Patterns and Socio-Economic Diversity” Appeared 1999 Jorge Duany has listed in research, dated 1992 that Cubans and their posterities owned 46 900 firms in the Miami metropolitan area.

They were rich, English speakers, and had a strong relationship with the US

Secondly, unlikely to other countries within the area, that generate mainly an economics migration,  Cuba one is a bit singular. After the socialist revolution in 1959, the first Cubans exiles were wealthy, white, urban, educated, English speakers, and owning a lot of money in the US Banks. Once arrived in Miami they were in their second home. So living in Miami was for them grill out in their courtyard.

Skilled workers immigrant

Certainly, when they left Cuba they went with their gay matters. Anyway, the second wave of immigrants landed in Miami, was made up of physicians, engineers, architects, technicians, etc. When they arrived in Miami, they got ready to work. Anyway, the rate of alphabetization reaches 99.7%. in Cuba the second spot worldwide after Estonia. This is what says,  the United Nations Department of Politic Affairs.

Staircase immigration and mutual aid

However, they are not always wealthy; some less favored layers fled the dictatorship in Cuba to come and establish in Miami.  That happened during Operation Peter Pan.  From 1960 to 1962; more than 140,000 Cubans children have come in the US without their parents,  followed by a new wave in 1980. Those categories were poor and had a diverse origin. For that reason, they have been called “Marielitos.”They were 130,000. Somehow, they benefited the cultural Patriotism, inbreeding, and solidarity. Especially since the Cuban employer is more likely to hire a Cuban employee in his business than other ethnic groups.

Particular migration status

In addition, Cubans benefited a particular migration status from the US authorities. It during the Cold War between the United States, the leader of modern capitalism. And Cuba satellite of Socialism Leninism in the area.

President Kennedy pushed through a provision in 1963 that gave refugee status to any person directly from the Cuban island. Likewise, President Johnson on November 2, 1966, adopted the Cuban Adjustment Act.  It establishes a special and exclusive status for all Foreigners born in Cuba or for the benefit of the Cuban nationality can benefit from the permanent status.

Language issues

According to the 2010 US Census file, 70% of the population of Miami age five and over spoke only Spanish at home.  Cuban people do not need to speak English to find a job. Because  Spanish is the second language in Miami after English.

Density

Within the urban area of ​​Miami Dade, in Palm Beach, Broward County on 5,000,600 inhabitants, 2,321,000 are Cubans or have Cubans ancestry.

Actor in the politics of the city

Above all, Cubans do not remain an observer, in the political field. They also invest in elected positions. It is rightly since 1985 The majority of Miami’s City commission are Cubans. As well as the Miami office of mayor.