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In May World witnessed one year of US sanctions on Iran. US sanctions on Iran were imposed to completely isolate Iran in the world. US sanctions on Iran were aimed at pressurizing Iran on, economic and diplomatic fronts. It may be noted that the USA unilaterally withdrew from Iran deal while other 5 countries including the UK, China, Russia, France, and Germany are still part of the p5+1 deal. These sanctions have created economic pressure on Iran, but Iran is still enjoying good relations with its neighbors. In this article, we will discuss whether these sanctions have achieved the desired results or not.

President Trump signing a document imposing sanctions on Iran – Official Photo via blogs.state.gov

In the past week, the USA announced new sanctions on Iran and its associated companies. These sanctions were imposed on Iran’s petrochemical enterprises. In the past month, the USA imposed sanctions on Iran’s metal exports. This article covers whether The US sanctions on Iran are working or not. The experts in Trump administration are still dissatisfied with the outcomes of US unilateral withdrawal from Iran deal.

US government announced withdrawing from Joint Plan of Action (JCPOA) in May 2018. While withdrawing from the deal Trump administration claimed that the deal doesn’t bear Iran from Uranium enrichment. It also does not stop Iran from sponsoring terrorism in neighboring Arab countries. President Trumps want a deal that stops Iran from Uranium enrichment, Missile program and proxy wars in Iraq and neighboring countries.

By imposing sanctions the USA wants to put Iran under strong economic pressure. The USA also wants to isolate Iran in the region. Many in the Trump administration want to reduce Iran’s oil exports to zero. Hawks in a Trump administration like John Bolton and Pompeo are confident that they will achieve the desired results in the near future. During this entire course, the USA has the clear support of Saudi Arabia and Israel. Sanctions are also being imposed on Iranian media, citing that they are promoting terrorism.

Besides this USA military build up in the Gulf and its arms deal with Saudi Arabia are also a threat to Iran’s security. The USA has also sent its warships in the region. It seems that the USA is interested in regime change in Iran.

Image by skeeze from Pixabay

With respect to the economy, these sanctions are successful against Iran. These sanctions are also working positively on diplomatic fronts. Many multinational companies started leaving trade with Iran. While Iran’s all-time partners China and India are also reluctant in doing business with Iran.

Few stats on US sanctions on Iran – Photo via ge.usembassy.gov

However, these sanctions are not successful in changing the staunch behavior of Iranian leadership. Iran is still strengthening its missile program and invigorating its proxies in Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon. These proxies are inflicting upon US interests in this region. In fact, Trump administration has also evidenced of Iranian involvement in Venezuela.

Currently, Iran’s oil exports are low, but they are not dropped to zero. Also, the US desire to isolate Iran is also not working. Iran still has good relations with its neighbors. In the last three years, trump administration took many initiatives. Escalation of Trade war with China is also one of them. President Trump wants to conclude these initiatives before the 2020 presidential elections.

On the other hand, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei has also declared that Iran does not want war neither Iran will negotiate. It means Iran is just silently observing the decisions of Trump administration.  It seems that the situation will remain the same until the presidential elections in the USA in 2020. There are possibilities that the situation may get tenser before 2020. The USA can impose more sanctions on Iran’s other industries. However, Iran has also prepared for this and has started strengthening its relations with neighboring countries like Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon. We can just hope that things will be settled peacefully between the USA and Iran